Poultry Feed Production: the Profitable Business Idea You Must Not Overlook

poultry feed production is good business

Have you ever thought of poultry feed production as an agriculture business idea? You see, most people are eager to start poultry farming business but only a few stop to consider the most important aspect of poultry farming – feeds – and they are the ones who rake in the most profits. We will unravel poultry feed production business in this article.

− Information Resources −

We’ve Got E-Books and Business Plans for You!

They contain even more detailed information to start and run your business. No fluffs, just hardcore information you won’t find anywhere else.

Click Here to Get Them

The greatest cost component of poultry production business is the feed. So, it makes business sense to look into the possibility of making your own feed, if you are a farmer or specializing in making healthy, good quality poultry feed if you are interested in joining the poultry management value chain.

Poultry, as a general term, classifies all domestic birds which are reared for their meat or egg. So when I say poultry feed, I don’t mean only chicken. You can make feeds for other birds such as turkey, duck, geese, etc.

Setting up a poultry feed mill in Nigeria is not so capital-intensive, and with the right knowledge, determination coupled with a winning marketing strategy, you cannot go wrong.

In this article I have highlighted the basic steps required in setting up your own poultry feed mill.


Medical experts warn of the dangers of excessive red meat consumption. As a result, most folks switch to poultry consumption for health reasons. The more people eat chicken, for example, the more the demand for chicken increases, and the more poultry feed is required to grow more chicken. If poultry is good business, poultry feed production is very good business.

Other benefits of the business include:

  • An ever-present, ever-growing market.
  • Raw materials can be sourced locally and cheaply too.
  • The business is highly flexible; you can chose to start small-scale, medium scale, or large-scale production. Plus, you don’t need to own a poultry farm to start poultry feed business.
  • If you do own a poultry farm, having your own feed production mill saves you a lot in cost and makes you good profits too when you sell to other farms.
  • Equipment and machinery can be fabricated locally.


Chick/starter mesh: – this category of feed is solely for newly hatched chicks. The feed formulation for layer chicks is different from that for broilers. When producing chick or starter mesh, take note to include the right feed formulation that would enhance faster growth of the young chicks.

Read This:  Side Hustle Pro: Top 20 Small Business Ideas for Full-Time Workers

Broiler mesh: – this category of feed is mainly for broiler chicken (which are kept for their meat), the feed contains body building nutrient such as protein, minerals and vitamins to enhance growth in size and weight of the chicken.

Layer mesh: – this is a special category of feed produced for layer chicken. The feed content helps the birds with vital nutrient necessary for producing more eggs which are bigger in size. The feed also helps in hardening the shell of eggs.

Grower mesh: – the purpose of this feed is to ensure the rapid growth and development of the poultry chicken. Grower mesh is usually administered after the chick/starter mesh (when the birds grow to a certain level).

The breeds of chicken common in most poultry farms are: broilers and layer. Broilers are reared for their meat while layers are rear for the purpose of laying eggs. You need to produce different feeds that would be meet the needs of these common breeds at different levels of their growth.


After you must have learnt the ideal formulation for milling different poultry feed, you can now set out to buy the raw materials for the production of the feed. Poultry feed is commonly composed of readily available grains. They include: soy, whole maize, fish-meal, rice bran, sunflower cake, etc. other important raw materials are micro nutrients and vitamins such as calcium carbonate, amino acid, enzymes, etc.


There are various equipment that are used to produce poultry feed. Some of the most basic ones you would need include:

  1. A disintegrator or milling machine: – this will reduce all the various grains into the right mesh size.
  2. A blender or mixer: – this would ensure a uniform mixture of the required micronutrients and vitamins with the meshed grains.
  3. Packaging line: – this machine is used to package the finished product into bags.

Other machinery and equipment include sewing machine, industrial weighing balance, trucks for transporting raw materials and finished products, and power generators.


The way you package your finished product will determine if buyers would be attracted to your feed or not. Most new products in the competitive market attract buyers through their creative style of packaging and branding. Poultry feed is usually packaged in 50kg bags. Ensure to give details of your product name, ingredients, and expiry date on the label of your product.


There are many ways to market your product to the public. Advertisement has its uses, but trust me, the quality of you poultry feed is the ultimate marketing strategy. When people buy your poultry feed and discover that it greatly increase the growth and productivity of their poultry farm, they would definitely come back for more. More so, they would tell others about your product.

Read This:  How to Start a Tissue Manufacturing Company in Nigeria

Other important factors to increase your chances of success


Getting a perfect location for your poultry feed mill is very important to ensure success in the business. The mill should be located in an area with lots of poultry farms. Furthermore your feed mill should be large enough to house all the machinery and equipment and also have a storage area for the finished products and raw materials.


To increase the public acceptance of your poultry feed you need to register your business with the relevant agencies (Corporate Affairs Commission) and acquire the required license from the relevant food control agencies. Poultry feed is one of the product that requires NAFDAC registration before you can start manufacturing the product.


Poultry feed production is not a trial and error kind of business. There are specifics that need to be followed and rules that need to be adhered to. For instance, you can’t just start mixing grains together to produce poultry feed! Specific mixing formulations need to be followed; micro-nutrients need to be added in the right proportion.

Getting the necessary training will help you understand the feed requirement for poultry chicken of different breeds and at different stages, and age. You could enroll in a training center that educates prospective poultry feed producers on the right feed formulation and composition for different poultry animals at different stages. Alternatively you could learn from seasoned poultry feed producers who is well experienced in the filled.

Have a Plan

− Complete Video Course −

The ABC of Mini-Importation and E-Commerce

Follow this beginners video guide to learn how to start your own importation business and how to sell your items online.

Click Here to Learn More

Just like any other production business you need a laid-down plan. Writing a business plan for your poultry feed production business is critical to determine the long-term feasibility of your business. A business plan will contain the details of all the feasibility study and research that you have done to determine the profitability of the business. Take our Free Business Plan Online Course now to learn how to write your own business plan.

photo credit: gcmec.com


  1. Good day. Am working on my thesis on small scale feed mill industry. And I need to make some inquiries. Please how many small scale feed producers can we found in Lagos state? I will be glad if I receive a response. Thanks

    • Comment:am in Imo state , please do you know where I can get raw materials for poultry feed formulation in bulk and at a cheaper rate ? is expensive here, please my WhatsApp number is 09035277852

  2. thanks for this article, I will be glad if you could help in getting a training center that educates prospective poultry feed producers on the right feed formulation and composition for different poultry animals at different stages. I searched through Google and I seems not to find any learning center. I am very much interested in setting up a feed mill factory, but I know nothing about it.

  3. Thank you for the piece on animal feed production. Can you link me up with a training center or an experienced feed producer i can acquire all the needed knowledge from as i have always wanted to go into this area of animal feeds production.

  4. Thank you for this great ideas on animals feed production. I reside in Portharcourt and I am not sure there is a training centre for that down here.Kindly assist me on any training centre or books to read so as to broaden my knowledge. I am quite interested and keen to know more about this. Thanks in anticipation of your great assistance.

  5. May I please know of any training Centre around the South-South/ South-East region? I reside in Bayelsa and I’d really love to attend one. Any training Centre would do please. Thanks

  6. Hi All,

    This article is very general so specifics can be gotten when you read books on animal nutrition or attend a course. Specific courses that will help any potential feed producer will include:

    -Location and localization of your poultry enterprise
    -Nutrient requirement of animals at various physiological stages
    -Procurement, storage and, analysis of various feedstuff
    -Anti-nutritional factors in feedstuffs and their inactivation
    -Marketing……. etc etc

  7. Thank you very much for this. I am very much interested in livestock feed production but doesn’t known how to go about it. I think I should be trained.
    Feed back please.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here